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ww1 - 1914, Liutenant of the Don Cossack by AndreaSilva60 ww1 - 1914, Liutenant of the Don Cossack by AndreaSilva60
The Cossacks were ancient military communities - not exactly ethnic groups - that populated the steppes of Ukraine,
Siberia and Kazakhstan. Along the course of the rivers Don and Dnieper  lived Cossack's community which origin
was Ukrainian and Russian.

The Cossacks were the settlers who built the Russian conquest of the vast spaces of Asian steppes, colonizing and
fighting. The Cossacks were free men and were not subject to taxes, they democratically elected the Atman that guided them.
For these reasons they  endured against the attempts centralizers of the Russian Empire, which was trying to subject
them imposing governors representing the central power.

So often riots broke out among the Cossacks, until the reign of Empress Catherine II when they were defeated
and integrated into the Russian Empire, so the Cossacks had to accept Atmans imposed by the crown and became a part of the
Russian regular army, having to provide by theirs own resources mounts and bladed weapons, while firearms and
ammunition were provided by the central government.

At the outbreak of the First World War the Russian army fielded 38 Don's Cossack cavalry regiments.
On the eastern front there were continuity solutions along the lines of the trenches, and the front was smashed in
several occasions, leaving space to the cavalry. Nevertheless during the war
about a third of the Russian cavalry was dismounted to fight as infantry, while the whole Cossack's cavalry
of the Don continued to be mounted troops.

The cavalryman is a Cornet, transilteration from Cyrillic, which corresponded to the rank of lieutenant.
The officer wears the gymnastiorka, a  comfortable shirt dressed untucked, his pants are the ones of the Don's Cossacks:
blue with red piping  as was the hat.
The lieutenant is armed with the šaška, a traditonal Caucasian's slight bend saber  without guard that could affect both peak and cut,
and by the Cossack's musket Mosin-Nagant mod. 1891 cal 7.62x54 rimmed, quite identical to the Dragoon Rifle, but
without bayonet fastening. He wears the  cavalry's leather bandolier over the shoulder. The saddle is of the
Asian cavalry type that was elevated compared to that of Russian cavalry.

Many thanks to sergei72 that helped my in looking for reference and translation from russian- i.e. everything wrong is just my blame.
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:iconuglygosling:
uglygosling Featured By Owner Aug 28, 2015
I once read that by the time WW1 began Cossacks were militarily worthless, and yet during WW2 the Soviets used them effectively during the winters. How well did they actually do during those wars?
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Aug 28, 2015
Hi, reality is always complex, cavalry was quite worthless on the western side during ww1 because the front was static, while in Russia there were more  movement. But of course there were trench warfire also in Russia.  During the great last offensive of Brusilov against the Austro-Hungarian cavalry was very useful.
Russia in WW1 dismounted quite all the cavalry,except the cossacks, that were light cavalry, so it mean that  used them for patrolling and scouting mission, as they were used too in WW2. 
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:iconyari-ashigaru:
Yari-Ashigaru Featured By Owner Dec 30, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
gotta love the Cossack's :)Ridin' Mah Horse 
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Dec 31, 2014
hurrah!
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:iconhashashin619:
Hashashin619 Featured By Owner Dec 17, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Great job, i remember reading an article about them, apparently Napoleon I called them the best mounted troops he had ever faced. It's also possible that they inspired the British cavalry regiments to use sabres by showing them the effectiveness of curved blades!
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Dec 17, 2014
Thanks :)  I don't know but  it sounds realiable, I like the shashka, it's very elegant, I've had a Soviet's Army one in my hand,  it's a very balanced weapon, seems an extension of the hand.
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:iconhashashin619:
Hashashin619 Featured By Owner Dec 18, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Nice, when i'm finished with studying, i also would like to travel around the world and collect swords of different cultures. Russia is the European country that shares a lot of history and culture with the East, more than any other European nation. Kindjal-like daggers were also pretty common in Persia since 16th century, it's similarity with Roman Gladius is amazing!
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Dec 18, 2014
Do you prefer regionalism or diffusionism? Isn't  funny as men like dichotomy?! 
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:iconhashashin619:
Hashashin619 Featured By Owner Dec 20, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Well, i unfortunately didn't know the meaning of both terms, i read the articles in wikipedia, and if i've got it right, i do prefer diffusionism. I'm sorry that i can't discussion with you on this one :D, do the term refer to Sociology or art.
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Dec 20, 2014
Thanks for your interest, it's beautiful that you had also documented!
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:iconhashashin619:
Hashashin619 Featured By Owner Dec 23, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Np^^
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Dec 23, 2014
:)
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Dec 18, 2014
Wonderful, it's a beautiful dream in the drawer, I hope you'll satisfy it. 
Probably it is a matter of homology that of analogy, the perfect shape hides the history of transformation that led to it
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:iconhashashin619:
Hashashin619 Featured By Owner Dec 20, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thx^^, i hope it comes true. I believe lots of our problems on earth are because of our lack of knowledge of each other. Despite most advanced communication devices, people around the word unfortunately don't get to know each other well. Travelling gives us this opportunity and expands our view.  
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Dec 20, 2014
Yes true, we have lot of things to know, to see, even to smell or touch.  Sometimes other people are so different from us that we can't even understand how or why.  I remember a long holiday in Netherland, I was young, I saw lot of people handicapped, quite everywhere,  I was blind or infant, and at first I thought that the Dutch people was really unfortunate given the large percentage of disabled persons. Then I had an illumination, the fact was that in Holland there were no barriers and there were bike lanes everywhere, not in Italy, and our invalids were not seen because they were locked in the house.
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:iconhashashin619:
Hashashin619 Featured By Owner Dec 23, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Oh i see, yes the services for disabled persons are pretty good in Germany and Holland, that also makes me happy that people cooperate with them and treats them nicely. I've heard some people in Japan treat them badly, because they consider disabled persons as an obstacle to progress of their society, but it could be just kinda a rumour :|!!!!
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Dec 23, 2014
Italy is a strange country, I think that being in the European community have done very well, forcing us to apply laws that our parliament would never have voted. We are a strange people, we do not have a social conscience but compensate with a warm humanity, for example, I could not live well in the civilized Switzerland, while in the Netherlands could also try to make it. :)  Happy Xmas to you and yours loved ones! 
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